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A number of the most important prophecies about Jesus

A number of the most important prophecies about Jesus which are to be found in the Hebrew Scriptures

When dealing with the four great prophets this website has often very emphatically pointed at the many Messianic prophecies which these prophets have written down.

Besides these prophecies the Hebrew Scriptures contain many passages and sentences which people of 21st century will interpret as clear Messianic prophecies which must have made the identifying of Jesus as the promised Messiah extremely easy for the people of His time.jesus paint

For us in the 21st century it is almost unimaginable why the Jews in the days of Jesus have not immediately and without any doubt acknowledged Him as the Messiah. They must have known that the Messiah would be a descendent of David, would be born in Bethlehem, would spend some time in Egypt, would use illustrations to make His message clear, would bear their diseases, etcetera.

When Jesus said that He was a descendent of David, had been born in Bethlehem and had had to live in Egypt as a child, why did not everybody start thinking: this could well be him: our long expected Messiah? And should not they have turned their suppositions into certainty when Jesus started to teach them through illustrations, started to cure the sick, twice made dead people alive again, traveled from town to town with the message that God’s kingdom was near and the priests rejected Him?

What explanation is there for the fact that they did not know beforehand that Jesus would be betrayed, that false witnesses would testify against Him, that He would be condemned to death, that He would be beaten, spat at, tortured and killed, and pierced by a sword after His death? What is the reason why nobody knew beforehand that three days after His death Jesus would be resurrected? After all, all these matters had been foretold in the Hebrew Scriptures clearly enough?

These questions are difficult to answer. And this website does not dare to express any distinct points of view regarding this matter.

On the other hand the makers of this website realize that the questions mentioned are very important for a proper understanding of what happened around the life and death of Jesus. Hence we here present to our readers a list of the most important Messianic prophecies from the Hebrew Scriptures.

Mind; in the Hebrew Scriptures the Messianic prophecies are often single, loose sentences which can only be understood in the context of what precedes and follows. Therefore the Messianic prophecies in this chapter of the website will be presented as follows:

First the relevant verse is mentioned.

Then the context within which this verse should be read.

Then the meaning of the Messianic prophecy.

  • Genesis 49:10. to be read in the context of the verses 8 to 12: The Messiah will come from the tribe of Judah. The meaning of this verse is absolutely clear.
  • Psalm 2, the first two verses read in the context of the entire Psalm: the earthly rulers (in Jesus’ time the Romans) and the Jewish leaders will conspire against God’s anointed one (mind; the word Messiah means anointed one).
  • Psalm 16:8-11. To be read in the context of the entire psalm: These verses point to the fact that the man who is completely loyal towards God (which the Messiah was) will not be lost. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Psalm 22:1. To be read in the context of the entire psalm: The verse presents an image of someone who has been left by God and has been surrendered to his enemies by God. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Psalm 22: 7 and 8 to be read in the context of the entire psalm: The verses present an image of a man who has totally put his trust in JHWH, but is mocked and abused by people. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Psalm 22:18 to be read in the context of the entire psalm: The verse deals with someone’s clothing which people draw lots for. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Psalm 27:12 to be read in the context of the entire psalm: The verse deals with someone who becomes the victim of false witnesses. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Psalm 34: 20 to be read in the context of the entire psalm: The verse deals with a righteous man whose bones are protected by God so that they are not broken. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Psalm 41:9: to be read in the context of the entire psalm: The verse deals with betrayal by a person with whom someone has been friends for a long time. The apostle Judas? In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Psalm 69:4 to be read in the context of the entire psalm. The verse deals with someone who, without any reason, is hated by many people. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Psalm 69:21 to be read in the context of the entire psalm: The verse deals with someone who is thirsty and gets vinegar to drink. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Psalm 118:22 and 23. To be read in the context of the entire psalm: The verses describe how a stone that the builders have rejected has become the main corner stone of the whole building. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Psalm 118:26 to be read in the context of the entire psalm: The verse blesses a person who comes in the name of God. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Psalm 132:11 to be read in the context of the entire psalm: The verse refers to one of the great themes of the Bible: God will raise a descendant for David who will be king for ever. The meaning of this verse is absolutely clear.
  • Isaiah 7:14 to be read in the context of the verses 13 to 17. The text promises a virgin who will get pregnant and give birth to a son whom she will call Immanuel. The meaning of this verse is absolutely clear, certainly if it is read in the context of the entire chapter.
  • Isaiah 9: 1 and 2 to be read in the context of the first three verses: The people who live in Naphtali and Zebulon will see a great light (Naphtali and Zebulon were provinces of Israel). In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Isaiah 9:7 to be read in the context of the verses 4 to 7: The verse refers to one of the great themes of the Bible: God will raise a descendant for David who will be king for ever. The meaning of this verse is absolutely clear.
  • Isaiah 11:1-10 to be read in the context of the verses 1 to 12 (Jesse was the father of King David). The verses refer to one of the great themes of the Bible: God will raise a descendant for David who will be king for ever. The meaning of this verse is absolutely clear.
  • Isaiah 40:3 to be read in the context of the verses 1 to 5. It deals with someone who calls in the wilderness that a path should be paved for the expected glory of JHWH. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Isaiah 42:1-4 to be read in the context of the first nine verses of the chapter: JHWH will send His servant to the earth who will bring righteousness and who will be very humble himself. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Isaiah 50:6 to be read in the context of the first 9 verses of the chapter: The verse deals with someone who allows himself to be beaten and spat at without defending himself. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Isaiah 53:4 to be read in the context of the entire chapter: The verse deals with a man who takes upon himself the diseases of other people and is considered as a person beaten by God by these other people. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Isaiah 53:5 to be read in the context of the entire chapter: The verse deals with a man who, because of the sins of other people, is pierced through, smashed and wounded. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Isaiah 53: 7 to be read in the context of the entire chapter: The verse deals with a man who allows himself to be tortured and to be led to the slaughter like a sheep without uttering a sound. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Isaiah 53:8 to be read in the context of the entire chapter: The verse deals with a man who is brought to trial and executed because of the transgressions of other people. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Isaiah 53: 11 and 12 to be read in the context of this entire chapter. The verses deal with a man who is willing to take the sins of other people upon himself, to suffer death as a punishment for the sins of others and to act as a mediator between the people, whose sins he has taken upon himself, and JHWH. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Hosea 11:1. This verse tells us how JHWH calls His son to go back from Egypt to Israel. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Micah 5:2 to be read in the context of the first three verses. The verse says very clearly that the future ruler of Israel will be born in Bethlehem. The meaning of this verse is absolutely clear.
  • Zechariah 9:9 to be read in combination with verse 10. The verse deals with a new king who comes riding into Jerusalem, seated on a donkey. This king will bring peace over the entire earth and rule the earth. The meaning of these verses is absolutely clear.
  • Zechariah 11:12 to be read in combination with verse 13. The verses deal with someone who is paid thirty silver pieces as his wages. Mockingly JHWH calls these thirty silver pieces the tremendous value that people have attached to Him. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Zechariah 12:10 to be read in the context of the verses 10 to 14. The verse shows how the inhabitants of Jerusalem will look up to the man they have pierced and will wail terribly about the things that have been done by the man that has been pierced. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Zechariah 13:7 to be read in the context of the entire chapter. The verse deals with a shepherd in the service of JHWH who is beaten. Because of this the herd loses its shepherd and gets scattered. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?
  • Malachi 3:1 to be read in the context of the entire chapter. The verse deals with the coming to his temple of the lord of the temple. Preceding this coming someone else will prepare the way for him. In the eyes of people of the 21st century certainly applicable to Jesus, but did the people of Jesus’ time also read this verse this way?

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